|Short Communication (Open access)|
Int. J. Life. Sci. Scienti. Res., 4(5): 1983-1985, September 2018
First Report on Adedes albopictus Subgroup Species in India- Short Communication
Neelankavil House, Kolangattukkara, Choolissery (PO), Thrissur-680 541, Kerala, India
*Address for Correspondence: *Juvin Jose, Research Scholar, Neelankavil (H), Kolangattukkara, Choolissery PO, Thrissur-680541, Kerala, India
ABSTRACT- Adedes albopictus is most advanced stable species trophic level. It is acquired by after great nurture microevolution includes behavioral changes and survivality. In this evolutionary cascade, Ae. albopictus species diverged from its complex species lineage (reported in Kerala Ae. novalbopictus, Ae. pseudalbopictus and Ae. subalbopictus). Without any vestigial the species is pivotal in all the advanced measures include competition, adaptations, reproduction, and intelligence.
Keywords: Adedes albopictus, Subgroup, Microevolution, Evolutionary cascade, Taxonomic study
INTRODUCTION- In Kerala taxonomic studies of mosquitoes started in 20th century by British pioneers with robust vector surveillance . Ae. albopictus is common vector in epidemics of Kerala. It is highly tolerant against adverse conditions and competitive with co-inhabitants since it was reported. The sylavtic mosquito highly dynamic in their habitats preference and they incubate any sort of water filled sources, they feed on vast range of mammal hosts . Likewise albopictus highly potential vector to carrying viral pathogens . In rural/urban regions of Kerala Ae. albopictus is principle vector of Dengue/Chikungunya . In 2006 70,731 Chikungunya suspected cases reported from 3 coastal districts of Kerala .
In public health sector major percentage of health burden is from Ae. albopictus transmitted disease. Due to their rapid global expansion of territory they sow high toll disease burdens in public health . Recent arose of ZIKA is best example for this. In India it is reported in Gujarat, on 2017 May 26 WHO confirmed the cases . Control measures (Insecticide) also challenging and lacking due to resistance . The invasive species definitely a combatant vector .
In Kerala most of the areas dominated by Ae. albopictus. In some areas albopictus immature seen with Ae. aegypti or albopictus complex immatures. In other areas, there is no trace of Ae. aegypti in human prevalence. It shows co-inhabitant species exclusion and domination of Ae. albopictus.
Ae. albopictus is one of the subspecies of the albopictus subgroup complex. It has 8 subspecies in oriental region . They are very similar in their appearance and they are rare in occurrence except Ae. albopictus. Their bionomic and ecology are also not well understood. So here I would like share some facts and hypothesis about the albopictus subspecies. It is helpful to the subspecies future perspectives.